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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f3\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl956\margr2288\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn956\margrsxn2288\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw5864\colsr2606\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx4100 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 ADMINISTRATION : REFORMS{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\sub\expndtw-16 Iy3}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb216\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 prince of the blood royal \i (Kumara).   \i0 We learn from the \expndtw1 edicts that Taksaslla (Taxila), Ujjayim, Tosali (Dhauli) and Suvarnagiri (Songir) were such seats of viceroyahy \expndtw-1 during ASoka's   reign.   Sometimes,   however, \i I \i0 trusted \expndtw0 feudatory chiefs were appointed to the exalted viceregal \expndtw3 officesjas is proved by the case of Raja   Tusaspa,  the \expndtw6 Yavana, who had his capital at Girnar.   Presumably, the Viceroys had their own ministers \i (Amatyas).   \i0 At \expndtw8 any rate, it was against the latter  that the people  of \expndtw7 Tasila   revolted   in   the   time of   Bindusara. (The \expndtw9 minor provinces were under governors, perhaps the \i\expndtw1 Ra/x&ayof \i0 the edicts, whereas the \i Pradesikas \i0 probably \expndtw-2 ..corresponded   to    modern   divisional   commissioners. \super\expndtw5 1\nosupersub   The departmental chiefs were known by the generic \expndtw-5 term \i Mukhas \i0 (RE. VII) or \i MaMmatas, \i0 i.e., \i Mahamatras\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ) \i0\expndtw1 tiie particular department being indicated by the prefix. \expndtw-4 j^For instance, the Mahamatras in charge of harems, cities^ \expndtw1 and  frontier  administration   were   respectively called \expndtw24 ^*%*&w-Ato?^^^}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li148\fi0\ri0\sb32\sa0\sl-212\slmult0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 and \i Avta-Mahamatras.) \i0 ^The officers of the civil service \expndtw8 were called \i Pttmsas, \i0 and they were of high, low or \expndtw0 middle rank.   The subordinate officials in general were \expndtw3 designated \i Yuktas. ] \expndtw-63 ?-\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li144\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-13\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Reforms}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li594\fi0\ri0\sb130\sa0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 A^oka   introduced   a   numbej;   of  administrative}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li94\fi482\ri151\sb50\sa0\sl-227\slmult0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Vati\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b0\super\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 nS\nosupersub  \super fo:C\nosupersub  .\super good\nosupersub  g\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b0\super\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 vemance\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'ab\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  v He created the new \expndtw0 office of \i Dhamma-Mahamatas \i0 for the temporal and \expndtw2 spiritual weal of his subjects. They were to look after \expndtw-1 the interests of the different religious groups and the \expndtw8 distribution of charities, and also to mitigate the \expndtw-3 rigours of justice by securing reduction in penalties or \expndtw0 release from imprisonment on the ground of age or \expndtw-3 numerous progeny, and by preventing any undue harass\-\expndtw3 ment (R.E.V).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li79\fi464\ri198\sb43\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Further, Asoka ordered his officers from the \i ~&ajukas \i0\expndtw11 and \i Pradetikas \i0 down to the \i Yuktas \i0 to go on quin-}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb8136\sa0\tx504 \f3\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex75\expndtw0\f3\cchs0\lang1033\fs16 T{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }'}\par }